2008年5月6日火曜日

Meeting 4: Symbols, Rituals, Heroes and Values

Agenda for Meeting 4

I Review of Last Meeting

1. What is culture 1 and what is culture 2?
2. Discussion of Martian meets Earthling Role Play

II Reveal Countries for "Breaking Down National Stereotypes" Discussion

III Symbols, Rituals, Heroes and Values
1. Symbols
2. Heroes: Our heroes are
Mother
Principal
JHS Teacher
Father 3
No idea
Mother 6
Grandmother 2
Mr. Kamada
Spiderman
Grandfather
MLK jr.
Mr. Ueda
James Brown
Mr. Hall

This means that:
1) Our heroes are close to us, we love them.
2) We are easily influenced by close people. We want to trust who we can trust
3) They give love to us, we all receive a lot of love
4) We have courage to do anything we want to do

Discussion of "We go ice skating" :

Preparation for next time:

Please read "maybe we go ice skating" and answer the following on this blog:

1) What were the values of the two groups and why did they conflict?

For meeting 5 we will discuss:

1. Heroes; 2. Rituals, 3. Values

Resources used for MMCE Meetings 4, 5, & 6

1.Hofstede, G. (2003). Culture and Organizations: Software of the Mind. London: McGraw-Hill 2. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture's Consequences. London: Sage Publications.
3.G. ホフステド (1995). 多文化の世界 有麦:閣東京
4.Cultural Perspectives in Educational Studies (A141) taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Education by Dr. Kai-ming Cheng
5. Campagnoli, M. (2005). Baka Pygmies: Right of initiation to the Spirit of the Forest. <<http://www.pygmies.info/baka/initiation.html>>
6. Smith, J. (2003). Components of Culture: Symbols, Language and Values. <<http://www.fulbright.org.nz/events/fulbrighthays-projects/smithj.html >>

7. Hofstede, G. Pedersen, P. & Hofstede, G. (2002). Exploring Culture. London: Intercultural Press

13 件のコメント:

3boats さんのコメント...

I think Japanese girls' values were to agree with a person. However, Duch students' values were to say own opinion.
Japanese don't say own opinion because we are afraid of conflict. We think thoughts of the other party, and almost agree with another person. So, they couldn't real communication. That is why they conflicted, I think.

yf さんのコメント...

Japanese:respect for acting and making decisions by groups, not individuals.
Hollander:respect for the individual opinion.
It took much time for Japanese to decide the things. Because they had to discuss in groups and arrange their opinions into the one.Their reactions were very slow and vague. And whenever the Hollander ask the Japanese about their opinions, they never be able to get clear answers. Those attitudes made them very irritated.

keiko さんのコメント...

The Japanese girls place a high value on being in the group , acting in harmony with other people(both group members and non-group members)and avoiding shame. When the Dutch students asked them to go ice skating ,they didn't make a clear answer. One reason is that they couldn't make decision individually secondly,they didn't want to disgust the Dutch students by giving them refusal and lastly ,they were afraid of trying a new thing and feeling embarrassed. On the other hand,the Dutch students value individualism.
In conclusion, I assume both sides didn't understand each other's values. Japanese girls must have felt awkward with Dutch students' sociability and the Dutch students must've felt Japanese were exclusive. Both sides should have tried to understand each other's values.

Naomi さんのコメント...

I think Dutch students' value is to insist on each opinion and think it important to say each opinion clearly. On the other hand, Japanese such as girls' value is to cooperate with other people and not to say opinions directly. In fact, Japanese tend to make themself agreeable to others. So, between Dutch students and Japanese girls conflict with each value. Without each acceptance, they will not agree with each other.

makiron さんのコメント...

First, the values of the Japanese girls were not to have their own opinion. So, they never say their feeling clearly. And, they think it is shame that they do something they have never done.
On the other hand, the values of the Dutch were to say their own opinion clearly. And, they don't think it is shame that they do something they have never done.
Like this, the Dutch couldn't understand that the Japanese girls wouldn't go ice skating at first, and they talked each other in Japanese.

saaya さんのコメント...

I think Japanese girl's value is cooperative. Then,Dutch students' value is individualism and to have own opinion.
Usually,Japanese hate isolation and follow majority.As a result, we tend to avoid saying own opinion.But, Dutch students wanted know each opinion of Japanese.
They have different thinking for values.So, they conflicted.

SS さんのコメント...

I think Japanese girls' values were cooperation.They were afraid of difference of opinion.Dutch students' values were individual. It is right for them to say own opinion.
Japanese girls were poor at saying own opinion because they don't like to be denied.But Dutch student couldn't understand their thought.So,they conflicted.

lihua さんのコメント...

When I tried to write this comment, I felt that I was really Japanese girl. Because I read other student's comments before writing. I think the difference of values between Japanese girls and Duch students is how we feel about being diffrent from others. Japanese might say, "Not so good." And recently we sometimes call such a person KY. But Duch students might say, "That's OK. No problem." I think this was why they conflicted.

ryou さんのコメント...

I think this is the conflict between individuality and cooperation.The former is the values of the Dutch,and the latter is Japanese girls' values.
For Dutch students,it is important to have own opinion and insist on that clealy,however, Japanese girls tend to agree to other's openion even if they have own opinion. Maybe,they afraid of to be denied,I think.

Rika さんのコメント...

Japanese girls are always afraid of loneliness.In Japan,strange to say,who have different point (ex,opinion,attitude,behavior,and so on)will be lonesome.Japanese girls tend to gather with someone,and if there is a girl who is not belongs to any group,they despite the girl.

But Dutch students is different.They think a great deal of saying own opinion clealy.So different point is not ashamed.

tomo さんのコメント...

I think the Japanese girls'value is not making opinion as an individual, but as a group.
Dutch students'values is making opinion as an individual.
The personal opinion can include personal feeling,idea.But the group opinion can't include,I think.That is,these two different opinion's forms caused a conflict,I think.

Hiroko さんのコメント...

I think Japanese girls are scare to do something with unknown people to her.Especially, there is strange to her.

匿名 さんのコメント...

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